Hubs demonstrate plans and capabilities for safe and effective transportation and storage of all associated materials and products.
WHAT IT MEANS IN PRACTICE
Hubs ensure that transportation and storage of all associated products and materials (from hydrogen and carbon to raw materials and wastes) is done in a safe and efficient manner.
Hubs associated with ports, shipping, or other transportation networks complement existing efforts to decarbonize and electrify transportation-related equipment and operations.
Hubs that deploy safe and effective transportation and storage plans:
MINIMIZE LEAKAGE, RISK, UNNECESSARY INFRASTRUCTURE BUILDOUT
Minimize transportation and movement of products like hydrogen or captured carbon to curtail leakage, risk, and unnecessary infrastructure buildout (see also Climate Pollution Objective; Efficient Use of Resources Objective; Carbon Management Objective).
Design pipelines and other movement infrastructure, including trucks and ships, specifically for the product in order to minimize leakage, maximize safety, and minimize community impacts — including where necessary going above-and-beyond existing regulatory requirements until such requirements are appropriately updated to reflect best practices and design standards so as to ensure proper safety, leak detection, and repair (see Protective Regulatory Framework Objective).
MINIMIZE NEGATIVE EFFECTS
Thoughtfully select transportation methods and design transportation routes to minimize traffic, air emission, and other nuisances or local harms.
Minimize or avoid hydrogen blending into gas distribution systems, unless and until there is clear safety, cost, and climate justification.
UNDERSTAND AND MITIGATE RISKS OF HYDROGEN STORAGE
Understand and mitigate risks associated with above-ground and below-ground hydrogen storage, particularly those that may made hydrogen storage uniquely challenging as compared to natural gas or carbon storage. For more on permanent carbon storage see Carbon Management Objective.
Resources & References+
As Feds advance pipeline emission rules, report finds widespread availability and adoption of technologies to cut methane
Research shows gathering pipelines in the Permian Basin leaking 14 times more methane than officials estimate